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The Twenty-third Marion - Bermuda Cruising Yacht Race

June 18 - 26, 2021

Organizing Authority (“OA”) - Marion Bermuda Cruising Yacht Race Association, Inc (“MBCYRA”)

Supported by:

The Beverly Yacht Club (“BYC”)Marion, Massachusetts
The Blue Water Sailing Club (“BWSC”)Boston, Massachusetts
The Royal Hamilton Amateur Dinghy Club (“RHADC”)Paget, Bermuda

RACE DESCRIPTION

Since its inception in 1977, the Marion Bermuda Race (“MBR”) has been a Corinthian event. The spirit of the race is that all yachts and crew are participating for the joy and pleasure of sailing, competition and the camaraderie that accompanies such an offshore event.

The race provides an opportunity for cruising yachts and amateur crews to participate in an ocean race and a rendezvous in Bermuda. It encourages the development of blue water sailing skills on seaworthy yachts that can be handled safely offshore with limited crew. Yachts must apply for acceptance.

The Marion Bermuda Race is categorized as an Ocean Race as defined in US Sailing’s Monohull SER Instructions, Categories, Appendix, & History of Revisions 2020.0, Multihull SER Instructions, Categories & History of Revisions 2020.0 and World Sailing’s Offshore Special Regulations Governing Offshore Racing for Monohulls & Multihulls. It is a long-distance race, well offshore, where rescue may be delayed.

NOTICE OF RACE (“NoR”)

August 31, 2020 Amended

  1. RULES
    1. The regatta will be governed by the rules as defined in The Racing Rules of Sailing for 2021 - 2024 (“RRS”), including the U.S. Sailing prescriptions, except as modified herein or by the Sailing Instructions.

    2. The Marion Bermuda Race Safety Requirements Monohulls - 2021 (“MBRSR”) revised July 1, 2020 and the Offshore Racing Association Offshore Racing Rule (“ORR”) shall apply to all Founder’s Division boats.

    3. The Marion Bermuda Race Safety Requirements for Multihulls - 2021 (“MBRSRMH”) revised July 1, 2020 and the Offshore Racing Association Offshore Racing Rule for Multihulls (“ORR - MH”) shall apply to all Multihull Division boats.

    4. Sail Training Vessels must hold a current USCG Certificate of Inspection and a certificate for Exposed Waters. For this division only, a yacht’s compliance with World Sailing OSR Category 1 (with satellite phone) or the safety rules and regulations that apply to the boat by virtue of her flag or Classification Society are an acceptable alternative to the MBRSR where such rules conflict.

    5. This document changes the Racing Rules of Part 2 and RRS 41 (OUTSIDE HELP); 44 (PENALTIES AT THE TIME OF AN INCIDENT) and 64.1(a) (Penalties and Exoneration); 52 (MANUAL POWER); and 77 and Appendix G (IDENTIFICATION ON SAILS) as follows:

      1. Between the times of local sunset and sunrise, RRS Part 2, WHEN BOATS MEET, will be replaced with Part B, Steering and Sailing Rules of the Navigation Rules International-Inland (commonly called the 72 COLREGS). When yachts meet between local sunset and sunrise, for the purposes of keeping clear, they should act with the expectation that if they come within two of the longer yacht’s overall lengths of each other, the jury will conclude that the right-of-way yacht needed to take avoiding action and that the other yacht was not keeping clear.

      2. RRS 41 (OUTSIDE HELP) will be changed to add “e) Help in the form of information freely available to all boats even if that information is only accessible at a cost. However, such “at a cost” help shall not include private forecast or tactical advice or information customized for a particular boat or group of boats and/or her/their situation.”

      3. RRS 44.1 (b) (PENALTIES AT THE TIME OF AN INCIDENT) will be changed to read as follows: “If a boat causes injury or serious damage or gains a significant advantage in the race by her breach of a rule, her penalty shall be to retire. The Compliance Committee and the Protest Committee may impose suitable penalties other than disqualification, including time penalties, for breaches of a rule.” This also changes 64.1 (a).

      4. RRS 52 (MANUAL POWER) shall not apply (as per ORR 4.08) In addition mechanical or electro-mechanical steering devises are permitted but not required.

      5. RRS 77 and Appendix G1.1(b) and G2 (IDENTIFICATION ON SAILS) shall be changed such that national letters, e.g. USA or BER, are not required.

      6. The Sailing Instructions may also change other racing rules.

    6. Whenever a yacht meets a Sail Training Division boat, competitors are reminded that “room” to keep clear means “the space a boat needs in the existing conditions, including space to comply with her obligations under rules of Part 2 (WHEN BOATS MEET) and RRS 31, while maneuvering promptly in a seamanlike way” - as defined in the RRS. Also, IRPCAS, Part B, Rule 8(d) refers to boats “passing at a safe distance.” In protests for breaches of the rules in these situations, i.e., (1) when a boat meets a Sail Training boat, and/or (2) when the IRPCAS apply, the jury may determine that “room” and “safe distance” are a minimum of two boat lengths of the longer boat.

    7. All yachts will be required to monitor a safety channel from the time they leave their moorings to head to the start until the Sail Training Vessel Division starts. This channel will be used by the Sail Training Vessels to inform the fleet of their maneuvers in tight quarters.

    8. Breaches of the Marion Bermuda Race Safety Requirements (NoR 1.2 or 1.3), Registration (NoR 7), certain communications rules contained in the Sailing Instructions (e.g. transponders and AIS use) and RRS 55 (TRASH DISPOSAL) will not be grounds for protests by a yacht. This changes RRS 60.1(a). Class assignments will not be grounds for protests or requests for redress by yachts. This changes RRS 60.1(a) and 60.1(b).

    9. The Official Notice Board will be online at https://marionbermuda.com/official-documents (“the race website”). Rules documents will be posted on the Official Notice Board.

    10. In this document and in the Sailing Instructions, the word “skipper” refers to the “person in charge” according to RRS 46.

  2. ELIGIBILITY
    1. All yachts must apply for entry.

    2. Applications are submitted using the online system accessible on the Marion Bermuda website (https://www.marionbermuda.com/mb/registration/).

    3. Acceptance may be awarded by the OA to yachts and crews documenting the following requirements on the application:

      1. Yacht: Yachts must be seaworthy monohulls or multihulls appropriate for an ocean race as defined in the US Safety Equipment Requirements (USSER) with fixed or lifting keels, and an enclosed cabin fitted out for comfortable cruising, including permanent bunks, a permanently installed and enclosed toilet, a dining table and permanently installed cooking facilities suitable for use at sea. Canting keels are not permitted. The movement of water ballast, including by non-manual power means, is permitted by ORR, provided such features are declared for measurement. (See ORR 2.03.3 and Appendix 7, which changes RRS 51 and 52). Yachts must be, in the judgement of the Acceptance Committee, of a design of demonstrated seaworthiness and appropriate for a long distance, well offshore ocean race.

      2. Skipper and Crew: The skipper and crew shall have a demonstrated competency for a long-distance ocean race. This means that enough of the crew to adequately manage the yacht shall have had prior experience with offshore passages or races of at least 250 miles. At a minimum, the skipper and navigator should submit their sailing resumes with their application for entry. Except for Double Handed and Short-Handed entries, each Founder’s, and Multihull Division yacht must have a minimum of five crew members (including skipper).

      3. Fee: The entry fee is paid through the online system. (See NoR 4.1 and 4.2)

    4. The race will be divided into three divisions:

      1. The Founder’s Division is for yachts 32 to 80 feet ORR LOD.

        • Two headsails may be flown simultaneously, subject to the limitations of RRS 50. This changes ORR 10.05(g).
        • A forestaysail is permitted only if the yacht has a professionally installed inner forestay and the sail has been declared on the handicap rating form.
        • Sail “numbers’ (which may be letters or numbers) must be at least two (2) characters long and of a high contrast color. They are required on mainsails, spinnakers, and headsails having a luff perpendicular measurement exceeding 130% of the base of the foretriangle and on weather cloths, if used.
        • The yacht’s number must be displayed at all times while racing.
        • Sails other than those permitted by the ORR rules may be aboard provided they are stored separately and boldly marked “NOT FOR RACING.”
      2. The Multihull Division is for multihulled yachts 32 to 80 feet ORR LOD.

        • Two headsails may be flown simultaneously, subject to the limitations of RRS 50.
        • A forestaysail is permitted only if the yacht has a professionally installed inner forestay and the sail has been declared on the handicap rating form.
        • Sail “numbers” (which may be letters or numbers) must be at least two (2) characters long and of a high contrast color. They are required on mainsails, spinnakers, and headsails having a luff perpendicular measurement exceeding 130% of the base of the foretriangle and on weather cloths, if used.
        • The yacht’s number must be displayed at all times while racing.
        • Sails other than those permitted by the ORR rules may be aboard provided they are stored separately and boldly marked “NOT FOR RACING.”
      3. The Sail Training Vessel Division is for yachts greater than 40 feet ORR LOD that are used primarily for sail training. Sail Training Yachts must have:

        • Explicit invitation to participate in this race from the Race Administrator,
        • ORR special rating certificate generated by ORA that is based on the vessel’s Coast Guard approved sail plan.
  3. CLASSIFICATION
    1. The skipper must be a member of their national yacht racing authority, such as US Sailing or the Bermuda Yachting Association.

    2. The race is open to all World Sailing Group Classifications that are fully in keeping with the spirit of the race. (See Race Description.) Questions about crew eligibility will be referred directly to the Acceptance Committee before the committee will extend an invitation to enter the race.

    3. For Founder’s and Multihull Yacht Divisions, direct or indirect remuneration beyond covering direct expenses and simple remembrances to a captain or crew for the express purpose of participating in this race is specifically prohibited.

    4. For Founder’s and Multihull Yacht Divisions, if a yacht has a regular full-time paid captain or crew member, this one person is allowed on the yacht during the race but shall take no active part in sailing, steering or navigating the yacht unless there is an emergency. The full-time paid captain or crew may act as cook and perform yacht maintenance. Any participation of the paid captain or crew in sailing, steering, or navigating the yacht during the race must be fully described in the yacht’s Certificate of Compliance.

  4. FEES AND ENTRY
    1. Fees

      1. The entry fee for the yacht and skipper is:

        • $950 if paid before December 15, 2020,
        • $1,150 if paid December 15, 2020 to April 18, 2021,
        • $1,350 if paid after April 18, 2021.
      2. There is a crew fee of $50 for each additional crew member beyond the skipper.

      3. The entry fee for a service academy or a .edu defined organization’s yacht and skipper is 50% of the fee in 4.1.1 plus the $50 for each additional crew member in 4.1.2.

    2. Entry

      1. When the entry fee is received, the yacht will be considered for acceptance by the Acceptance Committee. Once an entry has been accepted, the entry fee is non-refundable.

      2. In the event that an entry is not accepted, the entry fee will be returned promptly.

    3. Force Majeure - Cancellation/ Postponement

      If the race is cancelled or postponed for more than 30 days for reasons beyond OA’s control OA will refund your entry fee according to the following schedule:

      1. Prior to March 15, 2021 we will refund your entry fees less expenses we have incurred that are necessary to support the race. Those expenses will be capped at $200 per yacht.

      2. After March 15, 2021 we will make the largest refund possible considering the necessary expenses. In no event will the refund be less than 50% of your entry fee.

      3. In either case you may choose instead to apply the entire entry fee as a credit toward the 2023 Marion Bermuda Race.

    4. Entry Fee Includes

      • Professional briefings on weather and the Gulf Stream at the Skipper’s meeting;
      • An on call professional medical diagnosis and consulting service provided by the George Washington University Maritime Medical Access facility during the race and your return passage as long as it’s completed by July 31, 2021;
      • Use of the transponder for the position tracking system during the race and during the return passage if the transponder can be returned to Marion, MA before July 3, 2021.
  5. SAFETY, INSPECTIONS AND COMPLIANCE
    1. Safety

      Safety At Sea Seminar Attendance: At least 30% but not fewer than two members of the crew, including the skipper and the navigator or watch captain, shall hold a World Sailing Approved Offshore Personal Survival Course Certificate. For Double Handed yachts, both members shall hold a World Sailing Approved Offshore Personal Survival Course Certificate. Any certificate obtained more than five (5) years prior to the start of the race or as a result of exclusively internet-based training may not be acceptable for the purposes of this paragraph. Certificates that expire in 2020 may be accepted if the course is not available.

    2. Inspection

      1. All yachts must (1) request, (2) schedule and (3) pass a mandatory yacht inspection by a Race Inspector. The pre-race inspection must be completed by June 9, 2021.

      2. All deficiencies noted in the inspection shall be corrected before a yacht is permitted to complete on-site registration in Marion. Having the yacht inspected well before the deadline is strongly recommended.

      3. The Equipment Inspection Checklist - Monohulls, Equipment Inspection Checklist - Multihulls and a list of authorized Inspectors is available on the MBR website.

    3. Compliance

      1. At the completion of the Race, each Skipper or Navigator must file a signed MBR Certificate of Compliance, available on the MBR website, with the RHADC Duty Officer.

      2. After the Race, a number of yachts, particularly prize candidates, will be inspected by the Compliance Committee Inspectors in Bermuda.

  6. REQUIRED EQUIPMENT

    All ordinary cruising gear, such as cabin tables and galley equipment, shall be on board and in its usual cruising position throughout the race.

  7. REGISTRATION
    1. Online registration closes on June 9, 2021 and all information required on the entry forms including a complete crew list must be completed by then. Early registration is encouraged. Registration documents may be completed prior to payment of the Entry Fee.

    2. As a condition of entry:

      1. The skipper must electronically sign the Race Waiver required by the online registration system;

      2. The skipper and each crew member must electronically sign the Release of Liability required by the online registration system;

      3. The skipper must submit electronically or in hard copy an MBR Equipment Inspection Checklist, signed by an inspector, indicating that the yacht has passed inspection.

    3. On-site Registration: Either the skipper or the navigator must complete the on-site registration process at BYC before 1400 on Thursday June 17 or pay a late registration fee of $200. The registration desk will be open from 0900 - 1800 Tuesday and Wednesday June 15 and 16 and 0900 - 1400 on Thursday June 17, 2021. In addition, yachts may register on Sunday June 13, 2021 or Monday June 14, 2021 by making an appointment well in advance with the Race Administrator (mail to: race@marionbermuda.com)

    4. At on-site registration, the Skipper or Navigator shall verify that

      • the detailed information entered in the online registration system is complete and accurate and that all waivers have been signed;
      • all documentation, training exercises and inspections are complete;
      • the satellite communication system has been tested onboard the vessel and operates properly. See NoR 14.3.
    5. During the on-site registration, each yacht will receive the tracking transponder and instructions as to how and where it should be attached, the final copy of the Sailing Instructions, customs and immigration forms, and information about Bermuda.

    6. Skippers’ Meeting: The Skipper and Navigator must attend the entire Skippers’ Meeting held on Thursday, June 17, 2021 at 1600. Failure to do so shall result in a penalty added to the yacht’s corrected time. The meeting will include briefings on weather, the Gulf Stream, and approaches to Bermuda. These briefings are the only ones sponsored by MBR. All other interested crew members are invited to attend.

  8. SAILING INSTRUCTIONS

    The Sailing Instructions will be available on the Official Notice Board on the Marion Bermuda website after April 29, 2021 and at on-site registration.

  9. THE START
    1. The first warning signal is scheduled for 1200 EDT on Friday, June 18, 2021.

    2. Each yacht shall exercise her responsibility under RRS Fundamental Rule 4 and decide whether to start or to continue to race. (See the Race Description above.)

  10. THE COURSE

    The Race will start in Buzzards Bay off Marion, Massachusetts and finish off St. David’s Head, Bermuda.

  11. PENALTY SYSTEM

    The Sailing Instructions will permit the Compliance Committee and the Protest Committee to grant time allowances and to assess time penalties in lieu of disqualification.

  12. SCHEDULE

    The OA will maintain a race and social schedule on the MBR website, including:

    July 1, 2020
    Application for entry opens
    December 15, 2020
    Entry fee increases if not already paid
    April 19, 2021
    Entry fee increases again if not already paid
    April 29, 2021
    Sailing Instructions posted on the website
    June 9, 2021
    Online registration closes
    Certified ORR Rating deadline
    Inspections complete
    Crew list deadline
    Spinnaker/non-spinnaker choice deadline
    Celestial/electronic choice deadline
    Founder’s Division Races within the Race entry deadline: See 13.7
    June 12, 2021
    Satellite communications device verification opens
    June 14, 2021
    Team Race application deadline
    June 15, 2021
    On-site registration opens
    June 17, 2021
    Skipper’s meeting
    June 18, 2021
    Start
    June 26, 2021
    Awards
  13. HANDICAPPING AND SCORING
    1. All Founder’s Division yachts must have a current Off-Shore Racing Rule (ORR) handicap certificate that may be based upon either a full or partial measurement. The OA will obtain handicaps directly from the US Sailing Offshore Office and will use Performance Curve Scoring (“PCS”) customized for the Marion Bermuda Race.

    2. All Multihull Yachts must have a current Offshore Racing Rule MultiHull (ORR MH) rating. The OA will obtain handicaps directly from the US Sailing Offshore Office and will use Performance Curve Scoring customized for the Marion Bermuda Race.

    3. Sail Training yachts must have a current Offshore Racing Rule Special (ORR Special) certificate. The OA will obtain handicaps directly from ORA Management Team and will use Performance Curve Scoring customized for the Marion Bermuda Race.

    4. Each yacht must have her rating certified before June 9, 2021. If a yacht is late having her rating certified she may be subject to a finish time penalty. Skippers are encouraged to contact the US Sailing Offshore Office or the ORA Management Team for the yacht’s certified rating as early as possible.

    5. A yacht may elect to race using celestial navigation. If a yacht elects to be celestially navigated, she shall have her elapsed time reduced by 3%. See Attachment A for the details of the conditions that a yacht must meet to be considered a celestially navigated yacht.

    6. Each division will have its own starting time. The OA reserves the right to further divide divisions into starting classes of similar performance characteristics based upon their ORR rating. Each starting class will have its own stating time.

    7. Founder’s Division Races within the Race. There are several “races within the race” that require entry for a yacht to be eligible for the appropriate special prize or trophy. The races are:

      1. Family Race is for yachts that have are crewed by a single family. For yachts that have four (4) or fewer crew, all members must be from a single household or single family. For yachts that have five (5) or more crew, all or all-but-one must be members of a single household or single family. Persons related to a common grandparent and spouses of these will be considered “family.” A regular full-time paid captain or crewmember is not allowed on a “family.” yacht.

      2. Offshore Youth Challenge is for yachts that have at least four (4) youths aboard with at least 66% of the crew qualified as youths. A youth sailor must be 16 years of age or older but not more than 23 years old by June 18, 2021. One or more adults at least 23 years old by June 18, 2021 must be onboard.

      3. Double Handed Race is for yachts with a crew of two (2) sailors. A regular full-time paid captain or crew member is not allowed on a double-handed yacht.

      4. Short-handed Race is for yachts, with three (3) or four (4) people aboard. A regular full-time paid captain or crew member is not allowed on a short-handed yacht.

      5. All Female Crew Race is for yachts that are crewed entirely by females. A regular full-time paid captain or crew member on an all-female yacht must be female.

      6. Team Race is for teams from established yacht clubs or sailing clubs whose team of three (3) yachts has the lowest combined corrected time. The club’s commodore must submit an application naming the yachts forming the team by Monday, June 14, 2021.

      Election to enter any of these races except the Team Race must be made on or before the close of online registration, Wednesday, June 9, 2021. An application to compete for the Team Prize must be submitted on or before June 14, 2021.

  14. NAVIGATION, COMMUNICATION AND AIS
    1. Each yacht must keep a log in a logbook and make entries at least once each watch. The log should show courses, distance made good and best estimate of positions. The logbook must be on paper and have a traditional format. The logbook must remain on board and be available for inspection in Bermuda by the Compliance Committee.

    2. Each yacht shall carry a satellite voice and text communication device operable from below decks (if needed via external antenna). The system shall be left on during the race and a communications watch shall be kept and logged that shows the device was checked at least every two hours.

    3. Each yacht shall demonstrate that the satellite communication system operates properly by having someone from the yacht’s crew, while on board the yacht, place a satellite phone call to and receive a satellite phone call from the Offshore Communication Team before completing registration. The best satellite communications connections are made when away from the electronic noise of a harbor at mid day. Consequently, the Offshore Communications Team will be available for the Communications registration daily beginning from 0900 to 1600 Saturday, June 12 until the end of registration. The number to call will be provided to the participating yachts prior to June 12.

    4. The Marion Bermuda Race Safety Requirements and the Sailing Instructions will require yachts to do the following:

      • use their best efforts to monitor AIS or VHF DSC for AIS-SART or similar distress signals at all times;
      • use their best efforts to ensure that the transmitting mode of their AIS is enabled at all times;
      • ensure that the yacht name provided on the yacht’s entry form is transmitted on AIS rather than just an MMSI number;
      • be capable of receiving voice calls via satellite telephone while racing;
      • monitor VHF Ch 16 at all times and Ch. 72 near the start and finish.
    5. Professional weather routing services, professional Gulf Stream predicting services and other private communications for routing purposes are permitted prior to 1700 on the evening before the start of a yacht’s division and are prohibited after that time. This restriction also applies to yacht to yacht or yacht to shore transmissions for routing purposes.

    6. Except for the above restriction, yachts may use any communication device including VHF, cell phone, satellite voice and text system or SSB. There are no restrictions on obtaining information over the internet provided that the information is in the public domain and is not specific to individual yachts.

    7. Any information received from ashore via email, blogs, telephone, radio transmissions, etc., relating either to the yacht’s position or a competitor’s position is considered “assistance from the shore” and is prohibited by RRS 41.

  15. PRIZES
    1. Prizes will be awarded on Saturday, June 26, 2021. The time and place will be provided in the Sailing Instructions.

    2. Commemorative bulkhead plaques will be awarded to each yacht that finishes the race.

    3. Information on prizes will be provided in a supplement to the Notice of Race.

  16. RESPONSIBILITY, LIABILITY AND MEDIA
    1. The safety of a yacht and her crew is the sole and inescapable responsibility of the Skipper who must must do their best to:

      • ensure that the yacht is fully found thoroughly seaworthy and manned by an experienced crew who have undergone appropriate training and are physically fit to face bad weather.
      • be satisfied that hull, spars, rigging, sails and all gear are sound.
      • ensure that all safety equipment is properly maintained and stowed and that the crew knows where it is kept and how it is to be used.
      • nominate a person to take over the responsibilities of the Skipper in the event of his/her incapacitation.
    2. The Skipper’s responsibility is set forth herein, in the MBRSR, and on the entry forms, including the Skipper’s Waiver. Neither the establishment of the MBRSR, their use by race organizers, nor the inspection of a yacht under these Requirements in any way limits or reduces the complete and unlimited responsibility of the Person in Charge.

    3. Competitors participate in the regatta entirely at their own risk. See RRS 4, Decision to Race. Neither the organizing authority (MBCYRA) nor the supporting organizations (BWSC, BYC and RHADC) bear any responsibility or liability for accidents, material damage or personal injury or death sustained in conjunction with or prior to, during, or after the race.

    4. Media and Commercial Rights. Competitors shall acknowledge during online registration that the OA owns all media and commercial rights to the race. Competitors will further grant the OA unrestricted and perpetual right to use and publish any biographical information, text, and images arising in connection with the race. The OA will exercise these rights in its sole discretion or as it may agree with the race sponsors.

  17. FURTHER INFORMATION

    For further information and for all race related correspondence, including requirements for written notices or questions about the eligibility of your yacht, please email the Race Administrator.

ATTACHMENT A

CELESTIALLY NAVIGATED YACHT CLASSIFICATION REQUIREMENTS

  1. CELESTIAL ELECTION

    A yacht with a navigator skilled and experienced in celestial navigation at sea may elect to compete using celestial navigation. This election must be made in the online registration system on or before June 9, 2021.

  2. HANDICAP ADJUSTMENT

    Yachts that elect to compete using celestial navigation will have her elapsed time reduced by 3%. The adjustment will be calculated in the following manner:

    Celestial_Elapsed_Time = Elapsed_Time 0.97      rounded to nearest second with 0.5 second rounded up.

  3. NAVIGATION
    1. During the race a yacht’s location must be determined by traditional star, sun, planet or moon sights. Navigators of yachts competing using celestial navigation must at a minimum maintain, and have ready for inspection in Bermuda, the paper-based plotting sheets for the entire race which demonstrate the method of obtaining the vessel’s position at any time during the race. All fixes resulting from Lines of Position shall have recorded the GMT, altitude, azimuth and intercept of the body or bodies of each LOP. Any Local Apparent Noon fixes shall have GMT and altitude data recorded and available for inspection. Most important will be the fix used to determine that the yacht was, or was not, within 50 NM of Kitchen Shoals beacon.

    2. The yacht’s log must be maintained hourly and dead-reckoning positions must be easily derived from the log entries for any time during the race.

    3. The Compliance Committee may ask a navigator to demonstrate how a particular fix on the plotting sheets was derived using the corresponding sight data.

  4. NAVIGATION DEVICES
    1. The following electronic navigation devices may be used throughout the race:

      • Knotmeter,
      • Log,
      • Compass
      • Depth finder
      • Wind speed and direction indicator,
      • Radio receiver,
      • Radar,
      • Temperature indicating devices,
      • Voice recorders and other note-taking devices,
      • Calculators or computers for reducing sights or computing courses
    2. No GPS device may be used for speed over ground information. Any electronic device aboard, including AIS, VHF radios, SSB radios, chartplotters and hand-held instruments that display or report position information must be placarded (covered from view) while the yacht is under celestial navigation. Placards are to be removed only in case of emergency. The existence and effectiveness of placards must be demonstrable to the Compliance Committee in Bermuda.

  5. POSITION INFORMATION

    Viewing or downloading any information that can be used to derive the yacht’s position is strictly prohibited. Any yacht sailing in the Celestial Division that chooses or inadvertently receives position data from another vessel (including via AIS) shall log each such occasion and must state in the Certificate of Compliance that in no instance (other than an emergency) were the coordinates of that vessel recorded and or otherwise used to determine or infer the position of the yacht.

  6. PUBLIC INFORMATION

    Downloading free, publicly available weather or ocean current information is allowed.

  7. ELECTRONIC POSITIONING
    1. Electronic positioning devices may be used within Buzzards Bay and out to 20 nautical miles from the tower on Nomans Island, and within 50 nautical miles of Kitchen Shoals beacon off Bermuda. If, on approach to Bermuda, a celestially-navigated yacht turns on a GPS or other electronic positioning system before finishing, she must determine and show on her Certificate of Compliance:

      • the time she turned on her electronic positioning device;
      • her dead-reckoned position or celestial fix at that time;
      • the position shown on her electronic positioning device at that time; and
      • the bearing and distance to the Kitchen Shoal beacon from both the celestial fix or DR and from the electronic fix.
    2. All uses of electronic positioning devices by a celestially navigated yacht must be fully documented and included in the yacht’s Certificate of Compliance.

  8. NON-COMPLIANCE
    1. If when approaching Bermuda the initial electronic fix places the yacht greater than 50 nautical miles from Kitchen Shoal beacon the Compliance Committee may impose a time penalty.

    2. If the Compliance Committee determines that a yacht which elected to be navigated celestially has not complied with all other conditions the Committee shall impose a time penalty.

  9. CONVERSION TO ELECTRONIC NAVIGATION

    If a yacht which elected to be navigated celestially converts to electronic navigation during the race, she shall lose her 3.0% time adjustment and a time penalty as determined by the Compliance Committee shall be imposed.